Kawa Māori

image of cutting flax image of weaving flax image of giving a flower

Ko te raranga harakeke he taonga tuku iho nā te Māori te iwi taketake o Aotearoa. Hei tā te Māori, he kawa, he tikanga ranei ōna e pā ana ki te tiki me te raranga i te harakeke. Kāre e taea e au te tohutohu tikanga te take, kare ōku toto Māori engari ki oku nei whakaaro, he mea nui te tauwhiro i ngā tikanga. Ka paku rereke tēnei kawa ki ngā wāhi rereke o tēnei whenua engari koinei ōku nā māramatanga o ngā kawa, o ngā tikanga e mōhio whanuitia:-

I mua i te kohi, i te tiki ranei i te harakeke, e tika ana te tuku karakia whakamoemiti. I te wā o te tapahi harakeke, ka waiho te tipu o waenga i ngā whā, te rito ranei, kāre i tapahi, kāre hoki i tapahi i ngā whā o waho atu o te rito, ko ngā awhi rito, kei ia taha (tirohia ngā tohutohu me ngā whakaahua kei raro rawa o te wharangi nei). Ka tapahi whakararo ngā wha o waho atu e tata ana ki te putake. (Ka pēnei kia noho hauora te pū harakeke, ā, tipu haere kia taea te tapahi anō. Kāre i tapahi harakeke i te pō, kāre hoki i tapahi i te marangai, i te hukapapa hoki, ā, ka tapahi i ngā whā e rawaka ana kia tutuki i tō kaupapa raranga. E ai ki ngā tikanga kāre i tapahi harakeke i te wā e ikura ana ngā wāhine, engari ki taku mōhio, e rereke haere ana ngā whakaaro i ēnei wā - kāre e tino whai ana i tēnei tikanga e te katoa. Kāre i takahi ngā harakeke kua tapahi, ā, kāre e taea te kai me te inu ki te wāhi raranga. Ka horoi ringaringa i muri mai o te raranga, ā , i mua tonu o te kai. (Ki te kore, ka tino mōhio pēnā he iti noa iho nei te wai harakeke ki o ringaringa, ka mate tikotiko koe.) Ka mutu te raranga, kāre i tahu ngā maramara harakeke, ka whakahoki kē ki te whenua ki reira pirau ai. I ngā rā o mua, ka whakahoki kē ki raro i te pū harakeke i tapahi ai ngā harakeke engari i ēnei rangi, kaua ki te pū engari ki tētahi atu wahi kei matemate haere te harakeke. Ko ngā mahi raranga kua tīmata, me oti rawa, ā, ko ngā mea tuatahi i raranga, ka tākoha atu ki tētahi atu.

Kupu Taka - Glossary

ikura - haemorrhage/menstruatekawa - protocolpirau - rot
rawaka - enoughtaketake - indigenoustākoha - to gift
tauwhiro - respecttoto - bloodwhā - flax leaf

My thanks go to the translator of this page, Wi Pohatu, Ngai Tāmanuhiri / Ngāti Kahungunu ki Te Wairarapa, Weaver, Member of Raranga Whatu ki Kahungunu (Napier) and Te Muriwai Weavers (Muriwai, Gisborne), presently Principal of Te Kura Kaupapa Māori o Te Ara Hou (Napier).

Any mistakes are ones I’ve made in transcribing the translation into HTML.